Breakdown of the Living Planet – news – 4 July, 2021

Breakdown of the Living Planet – news – 4 July, 2021

Rapid permafrost thaw expected in N.W.T., Yukon after heat wave, experts warn

EXTREME WEATHER HITS around the world

China is the world’s biggest consumer of cement producing nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, & CO2

China, in the middle of a long building boom, is by far the world’s biggest consumer of cement, with total production capacity at around 55% of the global total. The sector’s environmental footprint is enormous, producing vast quantities of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide as well as CO2.…

The global cement industry is responsible for around 7% of the world’s greenhouse gas, according to industry estimates, both from the production of clinker – used to make cement – from limestone and from the use of fossil fuels. Six of the world’s 10 biggest cement producers are in China.

Сrazy Weather in USA! TERRIBLE FLOODING in Louisiana, USA )

(July 4, 2021

Elsa & ANOTHER HEATWAVE Are Heading for US – Hurricane Elsa Update 8pm

Fire boils to surface of Gulf of Mexico after underwater gas pipeline rupture

Mexico’s state-owned oil company said Friday it suffered a rupture in an undersea gas pipeline in the Gulf of Mexico, sending flames boiling to the surface in the Gulf waters.

Petroleos Mexicanos said it had dispatched fire control boats to pump more water over the flames.

Pemex, as the company is known, said nobody was injured in the incident in the offshore Ku-Maloob-Zaap field.

The leak near dawn Friday occurred about 150 yards (meters) from a drilling platform. The company said it had brought the gas leak under control about five hours later.

But the accident gave rise to the strange sight of roiling balls of flame boiling up from below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico.

Mexico’s Pemex Battles Crazy Fire Near Offshore Oil Platform in Gulf of Mexico

The looming Arctic collapse: More than 40% of north Russian buildings are starting to crumble

It’s also getting harder to build roads and railroads, says the country’s minister of natural resources

Thawing permafrost is poised to cause huge damage to buildings and infrastructure across the country, as previously solid ground is quickly degrading, warns Russia’s natural resource minister.

This week, the temperatures in the Russian north again beat records. In Saskylah, a small community in the Arctic Circle, the air temperature reached 31.9 degrees Celsius, the highest measurement since 1936. According to Roshydromet, the Russian meteorology institute, average temperatures along parts of the Russian Arctic coast have since 1998 increased by as much as 4.95 degrees C.

The development is of growing concern in Moscow. The Russian Minister of Natural Resources Aleksandr Kozlov confirms that more than 40 percent of all buildings in the Russian North are now experiencing deformation in their building structure. And the construction of roads and railways is getting increasingly difficult, he said in a round table discussion in late May.

According to Kozlov, the melting ground is today the underlying reason for 23 percent of all technical system failure in the region, and up to 29 percent of oil and gas production facilities can no longer be operated.

Leading Russian researchers estimate that the degrading ground by year 2050 will inflict damages worth about five trillion rubles (€58 billion). That is equal to about 25 percent of the total Russian federal budget.

“What will happen with our towns in 10, 50, 100 years?” governor of the far northern Yamal-Nenets region Dmitry Artyukhov asked during the conference. He is concerned about the comprehensive ongoing construction works in his region, much of which is made without regionally adjusted technology.

According to Artyukhov, the latest geological maps from the region date back to the 1980s.

“The construction workers that today come to any project [in the region] do not have a clear-cut document that describes how the permafrost works and what solidity margins that are needed in order to make the buildings last for their due time,” the regional leader said.

The Russian Ministry of Natural Resources this year launches a new state monitoring system for the permafrost.  The system will be based on existing research installations managed by state meteorological authority Roshydromet, and two development phases are envisaged.

The first pilot phase will cover the period 2022-2024 and be based on experiences and methodology applied in Spitsbergen, Franz Josef Land and Severnaya Zemlya, the Ministry of Natural Resources informs.

The permafrost melting is already affecting operators of Arctic infrastructure, including oil and gas installations.

Researchers from the Russian Cryosphere Institute believe that the border of the permafrost zone over the last 40 years has moved more than 30 kilometers to the north and that up to 500 square kilometers of land is every year sliding into the Arctic ocean and disappearing.

This process is irreversible, and it is impossible to stop it, said Dmitry Drozdev, the head of the Russian Cryosphere Institute .

With the melting of the frozen tundra comes also growing risks of new and lethal diseases. Among the many infectious disease agents preserved in the permafrost is Anthrax.

At Hoover Dam, less water means less power

As we enter our third decade of drought, the so-called “bathtub ring” around Lake Mead showcases how much water we’ve lost.

And down at the base of Hoover Dam, which made Lake Mead possible, I talked with Len Schilling, the man in charge of one of America’s engineering marvels.

“So, as that water level lowers, we have less pressure pushing down on our turbines, so each turbine can make less power, so that’s the impact,” says Schilling, the area manager for the Lower Colorado Dams Office, which oversees Hoover, Parker, and Davis dams.

Behind Schilling sit nine turbines on the Arizona side and eight on the Nevada side, for a total of 17. Schilling says that since the beginning of the drought, Hoover Dam is now producing 25% less power for dozens of cities, tribes, and agencies.

“We have 46 power customers. And they’re in three states, so 55% of the power goes to California, 25% to Nevada, and 20% to Arizona,” Schilling says.

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